Εξαιρετικά ενδιαφέρον άρθρο:
«A new data set of highly cited researchers highlights Europe’s poor research performance. Empirical work suggests that the poor performance is not only due to low research budgets. Proficiency in English as well as the design and governance of academic institutions are likely to be more important.
Table 2 provides the number of HCRs per million inhabitants. Switzerland does almost as well as the US, while Israel is not far from the top two countries. The performance of three “small” European countries, i.e. Sweden, the Netherlands and Denmark, is also worth pointing out.
Colonial ties with the UK have a different nature. This variable aims to capture the bundle of specific factors related to the governance and organisational design that characterise (more or less) all Anglo-Saxon universities, and which have been duplicated in a few other countries.
1. The governance and design of research institutions and universities are critical inputs in knowledge production, a fact that European researchers and public decision-makers tend to dismiss far too often. This covers a large number of issues, ranging from the ability of hiring new researchers to the linkage of professors’ salary and promotion to their scientific (and teaching) output, through more flexibility in managing research funds and the development of research centers having a critical size.
2. English proficiency is another critical element. To put it bluntly, graduate teaching and scientific publishing should be done in English, even in non English-speaking countries.
3. We would be the last to claim that university and research budgets do not matter in the performance of researchers (Aghion et al., 2007). However, our analysis suggests that the way the money is used is probably as critical as the amount of money itself. «