Based on its ranking of world universities, the Shanghai University also does a ranking of countries (here). However, this ranking does not take into account the size of the country. This is done below using the Shanghai data and the population of each country (here). Each university in the top 20 counts for 6 points, in the top 100 5 points, and so on. The total number of points for each country is divided by its population in millions to get the final score.

The results are shown below (full excel table here). It’s surprising that USA is far from the top on a per capita basis. Apparently, it has a very elitist university system so that it dominates the top 20, but it doesn’t seem to have enough universities in the Top 500. Top honors go to Sweden, which has 4 universities in the top 100, very impressive for a country of just 9 million people.

1

Sweden

4.44
2

Switzerland

4.00
3

Israel

3.44
4

Denmark

3.09
5

Netherlands

2.47
6

Norway

2.39
7

UK

2.27
8

Belgium

2.21
9

Canada

2.15
10

Finland

2.12
11

Australia

2.05
12

New Zealand

1.951
13

USA

1.950
14

Austria

1.71
15

Germany

1.43
16

Singapore

1.33
17

Ireland

1.22
18

France

1.08
19

Italy

0.97
20

Japan

0.68
21

Hungary

0.50
22

Greece

0.47
23

Spain

0.44
24

South Korea

0.33
25

Czech

0.29
26

South Africa

0.16
27

Poland

0.13
28

Chile

0.12
29

Portugal

0.09
30

Argentina

0.07
31

Brazil

0.053
32

Russia

0.050
33

Mexico

0.037
34

China

0.031
35

Turkey

0.028
36

India

0.004
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